The pilot project reform of the project construction project approval system is steadily advancing
The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to promoting the transformation of government functions and the reform of "distribution services." General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed that it is necessary to continuously promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, resolutely break all the ill-conceived ideological concepts and institutional mechanisms, and build a system that is systematic, scientific, and effective. The reform of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects is an important part of promoting the transformation of government functions and the reform of “distribution services”. In March 2018, Premier Li Keqiang clearly stated in the "Government Work Report" that "the time for approval of engineering construction projects should be reduced by half". In June 2018, Premier Li Keqiang made a clear request at the national teleconference on deepening the reform of the government function of "distributing the service". "In five years, the approval time for the entire process of project construction projects from completion to completion and acceptance is reduced by half." Vice Premier Han Zheng has repeatedly listened to the report and asked the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development to earnestly grasp the reform of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects, carry out reform pilots in some areas, and hold meetings to study and deploy related work.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has intensified the reform of the "distribution service", accelerated the transformation of government functions, and launched a series of new reform measures, from the simple decentralization and deregulation, to the "distribution management" three-pronged and comprehensive promotion. It has stimulated the vitality of the market, released the potential of domestic demand, provided convenience for the people to do business, and effectively supported the sustained and healthy development of the economy and society. At the same time, the country has actively explored the reform of administrative examination and approval. Most of these reforms are aimed at some links or some projects, mainly in the field of administrative examination and approval. The reform of Xiamen City is a full-process and full-coverage. Starting from 2014, the reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects will be promoted by the “multi-regulation” reform, and a complete set of closed and mature approval systems and relatively complete management systems will be formed, which will not only be optimized. The business environment has improved the efficiency of work, enhanced the sense of acquisition of enterprises and the masses, and effectively promoted the transformation of government functions and realized the innovation and improvement of urban governance systems and governance capabilities.
Among the 18 laws, regulations and policy documents to be revised in the first batch, there are 8 regulations, normative documents and standard specifications. The basis for the amendment is the State Council issued  No. 33 document. The purpose of the revision is to optimize the approval process, streamline the examination and approval process, and improve the efficiency of examination and approval. The revised contents mainly include the reduction of approval items and conditions, the time limit for compression and approval, and the implementation of the notification commitment. System. The specific changes will be introduced as follows:
1. “Administrative Measures on Bidding and Tendering for Construction of Buildings and Municipal Infrastructure Projects” (Order No. 89 of the Ministry of Construction). The main changes were as follows: First, reduce the certification items, delete the contents of the financial documents issued by the bank in the bidding documents; second, cancel the filing link and delete the content that requires the winning bidder to submit the construction contract to the competent department for filing; It is to delete the relevant content of the qualification management of the bidding agency; the fourth is to reduce the pre-conditions of the construction permit, strengthen the post-event supervision of the composition of the bid evaluation committee, and submit the written report on the bidding situation, and delete the pre-conditions for the construction permit. Related content.
2. Regarding the “Administrative Measures for Construction Project Construction Permit” (Order No. 18 of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development). The main changes were as follows: First, further reduce the certification items, and modify the “certificate of construction funds in place” in the construction permit conditions to “the commitment letter for the construction fund has been implemented”, while the competent department of housing and urban construction strengthens the post-event supervision; Reducing the pre-conditions for construction permits, and deleting the requirements of “No Promise for Projects in arrears” and “Projects that have been entrusted to supervise according to the regulations” in the conditions of construction permit; Third, the time limit for compression approval, the approval time for construction permits is 15 Workdays are compressed to 7 business days.
3. Regarding the Notice of the General Office of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development on Further Strengthening the Construction License Management of Construction Projects (Jianban City  No. 34). The main changes were as follows: First, reduce the certification items, and modify the funds certificate to “provide that the construction fund has been implemented”; second, implement the notification commitment system, and strengthen the post-event supervision. If the applicant fails to fulfill the commitment, the cancellation The construction permit determines and investigates the corresponding responsibility of the applicant, and at the same time, discloses the applicant's bad behavior to the public; the third is to simplify the pre-conditions of the construction permit and delete the “no default in the construction permit application form (sample)”. "Commitment" "supervising contract or construction unit engineering and technical personnel".
4. Notice on Strengthening Energy Conservation Review of Civil Building Engineering (Jianke  No. 174) and "Notice on Seriously Doing Publicity, Implementation and Supervision of Public Building Energy Efficiency Design Standards" Letter  No. 121). Abolish these two documents and cancel the construction energy conservation design review and filing.
The revision of the above-mentioned regulations and policy documents has reduced the number of approval procedures for construction projects, reduced the pre-conditions for construction permits, reduced the statutory approval time for construction permits by more than half, and implemented the notification commitment system in the implementation of construction funds. Significantly reduce the burden on enterprises, and the approval time and efficiency will also be significantly improved.
In addition, with regard to the “Administrative Measures for the Examination of Construction Drawings for Construction Drawings of Municipal Buildings and Municipal Infrastructure Projects” (Order No. 13 of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development), the main content of the revision is to change the review of construction drawing design documents to the joint review of construction drawing design documents. At present, the relevant departments are being consulted; regarding the “Guidelines for Gas Service” (GB/T28885-2012) and “Urban Water Supply Service” (GB/T32063-2015), it is mainly to increase and improve the relevant service construction project packaging service process, links, The time limit and service specifications, etc., standardize the service behavior, has been publicized on our website, and our department will promptly report to the National Standards Committee according to the procedures.
2. Q: Just now you mentioned that the transformation of China's government functions and the reform of the "distribution service" have achieved remarkable results. Local governments have also actively explored the reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects. What are the characteristics of this reform? What is the difference between reforms?
A: The most prominent feature of this reform is the full process and full coverage. “Full Process” refers to the entire process of approval of engineering construction projects in the approval process, from project establishment to completion acceptance and public facility access services. “Full Coverage” refers to the project covering the building construction and urban infrastructure in the project category. In addition to special projects and major projects in the fields of transportation, water conservancy and energy, it must be included in the scope of reform, including government investment. The project also includes social investment projects; it covers both administrative licensing matters such as project planning permission and construction permit, and covers technical review, water supply, heat supply, gas supply and other technical review, intermediary services, and municipal public services. Filing and other matters. This reform is a systematic top-level design based on earnestly summing up domestic and foreign experience. It is a self-innovation in the direction of the blade. The ultimate goal is to build a scientific, convenient and efficient project construction project approval management system nationwide. .
In recent years, various localities have actively explored administrative reforms. For example, Zhejiang Province has vigorously promoted the centralized management of administrative services, and implemented one thing “running at most once” and “only entering one door”. In the reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects, Efforts will be made to promote the joint review and completion acceptance of the construction drawing design documents. The Wuhan Municipality will comprehensively promote the examination and approval service “immediately, online, and once”. In the reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects, the approval process will be carried out from six stages. Simplified into 5 stages, focus on streamlining the examination and approval procedures and links, and implement parallel approval; the “3550” reform implemented by Jiangsu Province will limit the administrative approval of industrial construction project construction approval within 50 working days, and implement “multiple investment projects”. “Combining the first one”, exploring regional assessments, and implementing joint review of construction drawing design documents in the field of building construction and municipal infrastructure; Beijing and Shanghai are based on optimizing the business environment, and introduced reform measures for social investment projects to optimize the approval process. Implement joint review of construction drawing design documents, streamline approval matters and review Pre-conditions, the implementation of a joint construction project acceptance, optimize water supply and drainage access services. Summarizing the reforms across the country, most of them are aimed at some links or some projects, mainly in the field of administrative examination and approval.
Since 2014, Xiamen City has promoted the “multi-regulation and integration” reform to lead the entire process of the project construction project approval system and the full coverage reform, with remarkable results. The time for approval of social investment projects was reduced from 296 working days before the reform to 70 working days now; the approval time for government investment projects was reduced from 308 working days before the reform to 90 working days now. By the end of August 2018, Xiamen City had planned 3,812 projects through the “multi-regulation” business collaboration platform, and operated 4,053 projects (including 1,341 of them) on the project construction project approval management system, forming a complete set of closed mature The approval system and relatively complete management system not only optimize the business environment, improve the work efficiency, enhance the sense of acquisition of enterprises and the masses, but also effectively promote the transformation of government functions and realize the innovation of urban governance system and governance capacity. Upgrade.
3. Q: The State Council attaches great importance to the reform of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects, and has specially issued the pilot reform documents. Vice Premier Han Zheng presided over the meeting to study and deploy the pilot reform work. What are the main objectives of this reform and what measures are adopted? Reform goals?
A: Document No.  No. 33 of the State Council has set clear targets for this reform. First of all, it is necessary to reduce the time for approval of engineering construction projects by half, from the current average of more than 200 working days to 120 working days. At the same time, it is necessary to gradually unify and improve the project construction project approval management system, and basically complete national unified by 2020. Engineering construction project approval and management system. The ultimate goal of the reform is to build a scientific, convenient and efficient project construction project approval management system. At the symposium on the pilot project reform of the project construction project approval, Vice Premier Han Zheng clearly requested to achieve the "four unifications", namely: unified approval process, unified information and data platform, unified examination and approval system, and unified supervision.
The tasks and measures for reform mainly include four aspects: one is the unified approval process, the classification optimization and approval stage, and each phase implements time-limited parallel approval; the second is through “reduction (reduction of approval items and conditions) and release (decentralization approval authority)” And (combined approval matters), transfer (transformation management method), adjustment (adjustment approval time series) and other measures, streamline the examination and approval process, implement the notification commitment system; third, improve the "five one" approval system, and strive to achieve "one Zhang Lantu "coordinates project implementation, "one system" implementation unified management, "one window" provides comprehensive services, "one form" integrated application materials, "one mechanism" standard approval operation; fourth, strengthen supervision and management, improve credit management system.
4. Q: General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed at the 2013 Central Urbanization Work Conference that “a blueprint should be done in the end”. In this reform, it is also proposed to build a “blueprint” for “multi-regulation”. Please introduce What is the "one blueprint" of "multi-regulation", and what role can it play in the reform of the construction project approval system?
A: General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized at the Central Urbanization Work Conference in December 2013 that it is necessary to establish a spatial planning system and scientifically delineate the boundaries of urban development. The so-called "a blueprint" is based on the urban development strategy, coordinating national economic and social development planning, urban and rural planning, land planning, ecological environmental protection planning and other planning involving spatial resources and factor allocation, unifying various types of drawing coordinate systems, eliminating Plan the contradictions and differences, and through the means of informationization, jointly define various control lines on one map, construct a unified spatial planning management information, and form a “one plan” and a “blueprint” covering the urban space. "Multi-regulation" is the basis of "a blueprint", and "a blueprint" is the expression of "multi-regulation", which is an important part of perfecting the examination and approval system in the reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects.
“A blueprint” is the starting point for all engineering construction projects. It is the basis for parallel approval, strengthening department coordination, and improving the efficiency of examination and approval. All engineering construction projects are implemented according to “a blueprint” and truly realize “a blueprint to the end”. ". In the project planning and planning stage, each department uses the “multi-integration” business collaboration platform to coordinate the development of development, space, ecology and other aspects, and resolve the contradiction of construction conditions in the later period. The basis for approval, accelerate the project landing, and improve the efficiency of approval.
5. Q: Why should we integrate the construction project construction project approval management system, and what is the role of the project construction project approval management system in the reform of the project construction project approval system?
A: The project construction project approval management system is an important part of improving the examination and approval system in the reform of the project construction project approval system. At present, many examination and approval departments have established their own approval information systems, but the approval systems of various departments are often not connected to each other, and the problem of isolated islands is prominent. The examination and approval work of various examination and approval departments cannot achieve information sharing, overall coordination, and joint promotion. Get effective supervision. This reform proposes to integrate and form a “construction-to-edge and vertical-to-bottom” project construction project approval management system on the basis of existing national and local information platforms, covering all departments and cities, counties, districts, townships (streets). To achieve unified acceptance, parallel approval, real-time circulation, tracking supervision, and information sharing. The examination and approval management system should be interconnected with the information platform of “multi-integration” business collaboration platform and various departments' approval management systems, so that the approval process and approval results can be transmitted in real time. At the same time, the examination and approval management system should monitor the examination and approval behavior of the examination and approval department online, and carry out the whole process of tracking and supervising and approving the control of the approval link to eliminate the extracorporeal circulation and improve the examination and approval service level. The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development will integrate the construction project construction project approval management system and connect with the systems in each pilot area to understand the local approval management in real time, so as to strengthen the guidance and supervision of the local engineering construction project approval work.
The project construction project approval management system must not only realize the online parallel approval project construction project, but also comprehensively understand the project construction project approval system, issues, processes, time, etc. through the project construction project approval management system, and display the approval status of the project construction project in real time. As a result, the whole process supervision of the engineering construction project is realized. Integrating the construction project construction project approval management system is to ensure the smooth implementation of the reform of the project construction project approval system, to reduce the examination and approval time of the project construction project by half, and to form a national unified approval process, data platform, approval system and supervision method, and to establish a national project. The important foundation and necessary means of the basic system for construction project approval. In addition, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development is working on the study of the remaining 70 laws, administrative regulations, rules, normative documents and standards at the national level, and proposes amendments.
6. Q: Since the implementation of the document issued by the State Council  No. 33, what has the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development done to guide the reform of the pilot areas?
A: In accordance with the requirements of the State Council's deployment, the Ministry has conscientiously implemented the spirit of the State Council issued  No. 33 document and Vice Premier Han Zheng's speech. In the near future, the following work was mainly carried out:
The first is to organize a symposium on reform pilot work. In accordance with the instructions of Vice Premier Han Zheng, he actively prepared for the symposium on the pilot project reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects. On June 4, 2018, Vice Premier Han Zheng hosted a symposium on the pilot project reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects in Xiamen City to study the pilot work of deployment reform. In his speech, Vice Premier Han Zheng profoundly explained the significance of the reform of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects, and further clarified the goals, direction and path of the reform.
The second is to carry out training on reform pilot work. On June 5, 2018, the pilot training meeting on the reform of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects was held in Xiamen City, and the spirit of the speech by Vice Premier Han Zheng was implemented. The document of Guoshoufa  No. 33 was read to learn about the exchange experience of Xiamen, Shenyang and other places. . Minister Wang Menghui attended the training meeting and conducted special counseling. He systematically summarized the practical experience of promoting the reform of the approval system for engineering construction projects, and put forward clear requirements on how to promote reform in the pilot areas. Up to now, more than 1,000 people have been trained in the pilot area.
The third is to supervise and guide the pilot areas to formulate implementation plans. Issued the Essentials for the Implementation of the Pilot Implementation Plan for the Reform of the Approval System for Engineering Construction Projects. Conduct three rounds of audits on the implementation plan of the pilot areas, and organize experts to conduct research and demonstration, and guide the pilot areas to modify and improve the implementation plan. Prepare and prepare opinions for the implementation plans of each pilot area, and make clear requirements for further improvement and implementation of the implementation plan.
The fourth is to sort out relevant laws, regulations and policy documents. More than 90 laws, administrative regulations, departmental rules, normative documents and standard specifications involved in the examination and approval of national construction projects are sorted out. The study proposed the first batch of 18 amendments to the laws, regulations and policy documents, solicited opinions from relevant parties and organized experts to conduct demonstrations. At the same time, the pilot areas are required to propose amendments to national laws, regulations and policy documents.
The fifth is to speed up the integration of construction project construction project approval management system. Actively carry out the basic work of system integration and construction, and issue guidance documents such as data docking standards for project construction project approval management systems and local system construction guidelines.
The sixth is to conduct research and supervision. In the middle and late September, we went to the pilot area to conduct research and supervision, comprehensively understand the reform situation and existing problems in the pilot areas, and guide the pilot areas to carry out reforms in a targeted manner. Formulated and issued the “Trial Measures for the Evaluation and Evaluation of Pilot Projects for the Examination and Approval of Engineering Construction Projects”.
The seventh is to strengthen publicity and exchanges. The State Council issued  No. 33 document was interpreted by means of a reporter's question and published in the relevant media. Regularly prepare and publish a pilot work brief on the reform of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects, and report on the work of the pilot areas. On the website of our department, we will open a column on “Reform Work of the Approval System for Engineering Construction Projects” to publicize and introduce the reform experience in the pilot areas.